Explored, exploited and researched for centuries, Svalbard has had a true love-hate relationship with man. Find out why this incredible Arctic wildlife has always attracted so much attention. The northern Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard has enjoyed quite the tumultuous history over the course of only four centuries. This seemingly inhospitable place, lying in the High Arctic between 74 and degrees North, is actually abundantly fertile, both on land and at sea. Much of the archipelago is covered in ice and snow although, for a short period during the northern summer, the tundra explodes in blankets of wild-flowers. Svalbard is home to more polar bears than humans.
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The study was based on a simple model of the Barents Sea ice sheet and suggested increases in lithosphere thickness and asthenosphere viscosity with increasing distance from the continental margin. In the present paper, the newly developed high-resolution load model. BARENTS-2, and land-uplift observations from an extended set of 25 locations are used to study further the possibility of resolving lateral heterogeneity in the upper mantle below the northern Barents Sea. A comparison of the calculated and observed uplift values shows that the lithosphere thickness is not well resolved by the observations, although values above km are most common for this parameter.
Svalbard is located between the North Pole and the Norwegian mainland and is Nordaustlandet is very old geologically with rocks dating back over billion.
Now, the operations will grow even further with the largest ever investment in the Arctic Archipelago tourism industry. For the first time in history, tourism has surpassed mining activity as the major source of income on the group of islands. When Hurtigruten founder Richard With first set his course for the island in , he started our year history of polar adventure travel.
In addition to up to new rooms and suites, a new conference center and new bar- and lounge areas, the restaurant and other common areas will be totally refurbished. The snowmobile rental center and polar equipment store – named after Engineer Geir Paulsen who first introduced snowmobiles on the island in — will go through a major expansion and upgrade. Hurtigruten er den legendariske ruten langs norskekysten; originalen siden Pressekontakt Kommunikasjonssjef eg bh e nm hu fy rt kk ig yw ru ak te yp n.
Hurtigruten expands land based operations with major Svalbard investment
From whaling in the s, coal in the late s, and fishing in the present, profit from natural resources has been a consistent driver of instability in the area. Thus, Svalbard is a region where considerable ambiguity exists over who controls resources, especially in the adjacent sea, and under the sea floor. One signatory to the Treaty, Russia, has paid particular attention to guarding its interests in the area.
However, other instruments of national power must be coordinated as well to protect against aggression below the threshold of armed conflict. One principal aspect of that will be resolving the ongoing disagreement among members of NATO concerning the nautical mile zone surrounding Svalbard.
Print. Photo Credit: Svalbard Global Seed Vault/Riccardo Gangale. passed away, had bred Cherokee corn pre-dating European colonization.
I arrived in Svalbard after two weeks spent sailing on an expedition ship from Scotland and up the coast of Norway, before we crossed over the Arctic Circle and into another world. As I disembarked with my fellow passengers at Longyearbyen harbour, most of them headed straight for the airport — but I had a full week ahead of me to explore the town of Longyearbyen and the environment of Svalbard beyond it.
It happens. Crossing the official line of the Arctic Circle at sea in northern Norway. The downside of living under the midnight sun is that it screws with your circadian rhythm — and constant light is actually harder to cope with than the constant darkness of polar nights. Importantly, your body still understands that it needs to sleep.
Orkneys, Faroes, Jan Mayen & Svalbard
The aim of this project was to conduct geological fieldwork on northeast Svalbard in order to collect lake sediment cores that might reveal the glacial and environmental history over the last c. An international field expedition to northeast Svalbard, supported by the Carlsberg Foundation, was undertaken in July-August We successfully obtained sediment cores from three threshold lakes. The preliminary results reveal that the sediment cores contain a palaeo-environmental record back to the last deglaciation.
Dating back to more than 3, years B.C., these imposing stones placed in a cruciform pattern were laid out according to the moon and stars and their main.
All rights reserved. The boat shot up the deep blue face of the wave, broke through its lip, hung silently in space for a moment, and then slammed back into the sea. The shock reverberated through the aluminum hull, amplifying the vibrating hum of the mast straining in a force eight gale. Powered by mile-per hour winds of heavy, cold air, another foot wave caught the sailboat on its side, sending the crew of paleoclimatologists reeling.
After giving a six-hour beating, the unexpected storm showed no signs of weakening. Skipper Mario Acquarone made a hazardous, high speed turn through close packed waves and retreated. Just the day before, on this inaccessible coast at 80 degrees north, the crew of scientists had cored sediment samples of a little explored lake and glacier system. They hoped their research would yield several millennia of climate change data so detailed it would provide records on a decade level—documentation of climate change relevant to a human lifetime—and help them more clearly predict the effects of a warmer future.
Now they were eager to get back and analyze their bounty of mud—but first they had to survive the gale. After fifteen hours of heaving seas, the director of the Climate System Research Center at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst was finally able to make a bowl of oatmeal.
Volcanic ash layers in Svalbard hold clues to the formation of the North Atlantic
Various activities can be enjoyed during this voyage, from kayaking to hiking and small boat cruising to bird watching as well as keeping yourself informed and educated with a series of on board lectures. The expedition starts in Amsterdam. Netherlands’s capital is quite relaxed, charming and one of the most culturally rich cities in the world.
the Tonian succession in Svalbard and distinct carbon isotope anomalies that can be globally correlated and used as an indirect dating tool.
Results of the tree-ring dating of samples from the three Russian settlements of the 18th century Bjornbeinflyene, Palffyodden, and Schonningholmane at Svalbard are presented. The present study is a development of a previous work Chochorowski and Krapiec, These stations were discovered during excavations conducted by the Polish archaeological expedition of Jagiellonian University in the Sorkappland and Hornsund fjord regions of the Svalbard Archipelago.
In total, 5 non-dated samples of the previous work were reanalyzed for these sites: Bjornbeinflyene 2 samples , Palffyodden 1 sample , Schonningholmane 1 sample and relics from the landing site on the Torrflya coast 1 sample. All samples from these settlements are constructional elements of dwellings, appearing to be prefabricates brought from the continent, and only one of them is a driftwood timber.
These floating chronologies were cross-dated against more than master tree-ring chronologies from the Arctic coast, including as well our own data. As a result, it was possible to successfully date and determine the place of origin of these samples. Results obtained do not contradict the data of radiocarbon and archaeological dating and indicate the possible use of wood from the territories of the White and Kara Sea basins as a building material for the Russian Pomor settlements in Svalbard.
Shumilov; Elena A. Kasatkina; Marek Krapiec; Jan Chochorowski; Elzbieta Szychowska-Krapiec Results of the tree-ring dating of samples from the three Russian settlements of the 18th century Bjornbeinflyene, Palffyodden, and Schonningholmane at Svalbard are presented.
10Be dating the last deglaciation of Bjørnøya, Svalbard
And not just that. There are probably no evidence of this, and what might potentially have been found was the ice edge. Spitsbergen was the name of the area over which Norway was granted sovereignty during the peace negotiations following WW1. The new Soviet state was not invited to the Paris meeting, and even though the new Moscow government later both acknowledged Norwegian sovereignty over the archipelago and signed the treaty, the name Svalbard will never be used by Russian officials.
When Norway was awarded sovereignty over the archipelago during the peace negotiations following WW1, the area was called Spitsbergen. The island is today called Spitsbergen and that is the island on which both Longyearbyen and the Russian settlement Barentsburg are located.
We present the first pre-Holocene lake sediments from Arctic Svalbard. Radiocarbon dating of terrestrial plant fossils reveals that the.
With a brutal winter that sees no sunshine for four months, no wonder the residents of Svalbard drink more booze than anywhere else in Norway. No way in. No way out. Just an unrelenting night that would go on for more than days. Little wonder, then, that the only permanently populated island in Svalbard — a far-flung archipelago that sits between Norway and the North Pole — should produce its own beer. For four months, the sun forgets this isolated frontier.
By moonlight, the icy fjords and vast glaciers that surround the capital of Longyearbyen — population 2, — are illuminated by a bluish, ethereal glow. But during periods of snow and rain, the sky falls remorselessly black. How does this ceaseless darkness affect the locals? It was just 4pm and I was on my fourth pint. Anne sought to reassure me. The lack of sunlight makes it feel like the end of the day much earlier. I also found the alcohol had a much-needed warming effect.
Recent palaeogenetic studies have demonstrated the occurrence of preserved ancient DNA aDNA in various types of fossilised material. Environmental aDNA sequences assigned to modern species have been recovered from marine sediments dating to the Pleistocene. However, the match between the aDNA and the fossil record still needs to be evaluated for the environmental DNA approaches to be fully exploited. Here, we focus on foraminifera in sediments up to one thousand years old retrieved from the Hornsund fjord Svalbard.
We compared the diversity of foraminiferal microfossil assemblages with the diversity of aDNA sequenced from subsurface sediment samples using both cloning and high-throughput sequencing HTS. However, the relative abundance of aDNA sequence reads and fossil specimens differed considerably.
But because they were nearly exterminated from Svalbard around of information — because they could be dated using radiocarbon dating.
Amid scaremongering about unrestricted migration, I went to Svalbard because I wanted to see whether there were lessons we could learn from this 2,person community a few hundred miles south of the North Pole.
Ancient DNA sheds new light on the Svalbard foraminiferal fossil record of the last millennium
The paper is open access and is freely available online at www. This blog is intended to supplement the paper and make the findings available to a wider audience. His email is m.
and fossils, and cosmogenic exposure dating of glacial erratics. Sites. We are investigating several sites in the. Kongsfjorden area, NW Svalbard, and.
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Firn aquifer observations on Lomonosovfonna Svalbard (Nbreen)
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Only miles from North Pole, Svalbard and and Spitsbergen provide the The remains of four blubber ovens and a graveyard dating from the 17th to the late.
Mathilde Le Moullec and her colleagues have walked more than kilometres over four field seasons in the high-Arctic Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, all in a quest to count reindeer. In some places, Le Moullec and her colleagues walked kilometres a day, day after day after day, on a constant lookout for both reindeer and polar bears. During her second field season, she sailed on a small boat with three colleagues to difficult-to-reach research sites in the east and southwestern part of Svalbard.
It’s a story that demonstrates how protecting a species enables their populations to recover from past overexploitation. It’s also a story about how climate change and other human-caused environmental problems might affect the animals in the near future. Svalbard is a Norwegian territory, a collection of nine islands at 78 degrees N, halfway between mainland Norway and the North Pole.
As improbable as it seems, given the great distances from Svalbard to anywhere else, reindeer have lived here for thousands of years. During their four field seasons wandering inland Svalbard to count reindeer, Le Moullec and her colleagues documented where she found ancient bones and antlers from the animals — hundreds of them. You might be tempted to ignore these weather-beaten, moss-covered fragments of antlers and bones, buried among miniature arctic plants, but Le Moullec and her colleagues realized immediately that the old reindeer remains were a treasure trove of information — because they could be dated using radiocarbon dating.